There are several guidelines that are distinct and bring out the features of academic and research writing. The two main forms of online writing include article writing and academic writing. Article writing is like the one I am doing here. This is an article that will be posted on a blog. However, academic writing papers are meant for academic submissions and journal publications. Check out some of the guiding principles in writing academic papers.
Academic papers are written in an active voice. Writers must avoid using the passive voice as much as possible. The papers are written in the third person. Avoid using the first person in writing academic papers, for example, I, we, us etc. The first-person singular can, however, be used in writing admission papers and personal opinions.
Academic papers are also straightforward in communicating points and ideas. Avoid using meaningless words as a transition. The recommended tense in writing projects is the present tense. Never use future tenses unless when suggesting future phenomena. Avoid using present continuous tense in writing academic papers, for example (instead of using is writing, are thinking use writes, thinks).
Always state your points directly and in straightforward sentences. Avoid using questions, including rhetorical questions. Never use colloquial terms and expressions in academic writing, as this may alter the intended meaning of the information presented. Also, avoid the use of empty verbs such as really, actually, basically etc.
The use of hyperboles is also discouraged in academic writing, for example, magnificent, huge, enormous, glorious or any other words that portray great exaggerations. Avoid beginning your sentences using articles and conjunctions like and, but, etc.
When writing, ensure your thesis is obvious throughout the paper. Write in short sentences using straightforward language. The use of transitions is highly encouraged in academic and research writing as it brings out the flow of ideas to the next. Ensure every sentence makes perfect sense and is written in a clear and logical manner. In short, always write what you intend to mean, and mean whatever you are writing.
The best way of ensuring your paper is written in a competent way is through rereading the entire paper to remove the above-mentioned DONTs. Remove excessive quantities like very many, instead just say many, but it is recommended that you mention the exact number when quantifying.
When writing a paragraph, do not repeat the same word frequently. Instead, use synonyms to vary the syntax and pronouns. Do not repeat the same idea in a paragraph or in different paragraphs. Mention every idea once and in a separate paragraph. This ensures that you avoid redundancy and repetition in your paper.
Always use professional language in your writing. Avoid using gender-specific words for general meaning purposes, for example, mankind, chairman, gentleman, etc. Also, don’t use social words like a lady when referring to a woman. Always maintain professionalism and be diplomatic in your writing.
Avoid the use of abbreviations like e.t.c, e.g., and, i.e. Instead, write them down in words like, ‘for example’, instead of, e.g., and ‘that is’ instead of, i.e. Avoid an imperative voice in your writing.
Lastly, the best way to improve your writing is through paraphrasing. However, ensure that the synonyms you use when paraphrasing means exactly the same as the word you are replacing. If you follow these guidelines and read widely. You are on your way to becoming the next competent research writer in the academic writing industry.